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Mayan Gods The Future Lies In The Past VideoAztec Sacrifice Mayan Gods. The Mayan people had an extensive pantheon of deities since they had a polytheistic belief system. The religion was based on a number of creation mythologies which described how humans came into being, how the world and the cosmos was created and what were the main tasks of different gods. 7/27/ · However, scholars have deciphered enough of the Mayan codices and hieroglyphics to cite the major Mayan gods. These gods are listed below, but the list is not comprehensive by any means. Itzamna. Itzamna is a creator god, one of the gods involved in creating human beings and father of the Bacabs, who upheld the corners of the world. The Mayan vision of the celestial vault was that it was supported by 4 gods called Bacabés. These 4 gods were related to the four cardinal points were next to them was a Sacred Ceiba, a tree that had given sustenance to the first men. Dual characteristics of the Mayan gods.
In art, he was a dark-skinned man with circles around his eyes, a scorpion tail and dangling lower lip. The three patron deities of the Palenque kingdom, made up of a sea deity with a shell ear, GII a baby lightning god god K , and GIII the jaguar god of fire , also patron of the number seven.
A feathered snake god and creator. The depiction of the feathered serpent deity is present in other cultures of Mesoamerica. They were defeated by the latter's sons the Hero Twins.
One of the two stepbrothers of the Hero Twins , one of the Howler Monkey Gods and patron of the arts. Title attested for Itzamna, Uaxac Yol, and Amaite Ku; family name; probably not meaning "food", but "powerful".
A title of respect meaning "Grandfather" and applied to a number of different Maya deities including earth spirits, mountain spirits, and the four Bacabs.
The god of war. A Powerful god, claimed to be stronger than all the other gods of war in every other religion. A creator-destroyer deity, the brother of the death god Kisin or possibly another earthquake god also known as Kisin.
He is the sworn enemy of the world serpent Hapikern and it is said that, in the end of days, he will destroy Hapikern by wrapping him around himself to smother him.
In some versions, this will destroy life on Earth. He is related, in some stories, to Usukan, Uyitzin, Yantho and Hapikern, all of whom wish ill to human beings.
He is the one-legged creator god and idol and the Maya lightning god. Illustrations of Huracan show him with a long, serpentine nose with belly scutes—horny plates like those seen on a turtle shell extending out from his abdomen—and a single, often burning serpent-like leg and foot.
Sometimes he carries an ax, a burning torch, or a cigar, and he often has a circular mirror embedded in his forehead.
In the Popol Vuh, Huracan is described as three gods, beings who together initiated the moment of creation:. Huracan is considered the god of fertile maize, but he is also associated with lightning and rain.
Some Maya kings, such as Waxaklahun-Ubah-K'awil at Tikal, took his name and dressed as K'awiil to express his own power.
The bat-god Camazotz, or Zotz, is featured in a story in the Popol Vuh, in which the Hero Twins Xbalanque and Hunahpu find themselves trapped in a cave full of bats, great beasts with "snouts like blades that they used as murderous weapons.
The story of the Hero Twins trapped in a bat cave doesn't appear anywhere else, not in the Maya codexes or illustrated on vases or stelae.
But bats are sometimes labeled Ka'kh' Uti' sutz' "fire is the bat's speech" , and they do appear in Maya iconography in four roles: an emblem for some group; a messenger and paired with a bird; a fertility or pollination symbol, paired with a hummingbird; and as a "wahy being," a bestial form of a personified disease.
Zipacna or Sipac is a celestial crocodile warrior, considered a counterpart of the pan-Mesoamerican god Cipactli , the earth-monster, who had to be killed to create the earth.
Known mainly from the 16th-century highland account of the Popol Vuh, Zipacna also appears in oral traditions of rural towns in highland Maya regions.
According to the Popol Vuh, Zipacna was the maker of mountains, who spent his days looking for crabs and fishes to eat, and his nights lifting up the mountains.
One day he dragged an enormous pole to help out boys who were building a new house. The boys conspired to kill him, but Zipacna saved himself.
Thinking they'd killed him, the boys got drunk, and Zipacna came out of his hiding places and pulled the house down on top of them, killing them all.
In revenge for the death of boys, the Hero Twins decided to kill Zipacna, by toppling a mountain onto his chest and turning him into stone.
Chac alternately spelled 'Chaac, Chahk, or Chaak , one of the oldest known gods in the Maya pantheon, can be traced in the Maya region back to the preclassic period.
Some scholars consider Chac the Maya version of the Aztec Quetzalcoatl. This god is illustrated with a long, pendulous and curling nose, and often holds axes or serpents in his fists, both of which are widespread symbols of lightning bolts.
Chac is closely identified with war and human sacrifice. The primordial couple of Xmucane and Xpiacoc appear in the Popol Vuh as the grandparents of two sets of twins: the older set of 1 Monkey and 1 Howler, and the younger of Blowgunner and Jaguar Sun.
The older pair suffered great losses in their lives and because of that learned to paint and carve, learning the peace of the fields.
The younger pair were magicians and hunters, who knew how to hunt for food and understood the violence of the woods. These gods are listed below, but the list is not comprehensive by any means.
Itzamna is a creator god, one of the gods involved in creating human beings and father of the Bacabs, who upheld the corners of the world. Itzamna taught humans the crafts of writing and medicine.
Itzamna is sometimes identified with the high god Hunab Ku and the sun god Kinich Ahau. A nature god, Yum Kaax is the god of wild plants and animals, the god of the woods.
He is the god venerated by hunters and by farmers, who hunt wild animals or carve their fields out of his forest. The Mayans had both a female and a male maize god and both a simple vegetative god and a more powerful, tonsured male maize god.
The tonsured maize god personifies maize, cacao beans and jade. He is a patron god of the scribal arts, dancing and feasting.
Mayan kings often dressed as the maize god during rituals of his life, death and regeneration. Hunab Ku is a pre-Columbian god whose name translates as the only God or the one God.
Scholars are still debating whether Hunab Ku is an indigenous god or a creation of the Spanish. Most think he is indigenous.
Kinich Ahau is the sun god of the Mayans, sometimes associated with or an aspect of Itzamna. During the Classic period, Kinich Ahau was used as a royal title, carrying the idea of the divine king.
He was often shown as a man with a hooked nose. This was the god of war, violence, and sudden death including human sacrifices. He was usually shown with a black line down one cheek.
The Sun god was one of the most important gods of the Maya.